The Changlang district has wide range of altitudinal variation
ranging from 200 metre to 4500 metre from sea level sprawling over
lush evergreen forests overhauling beautiful hills and rivulets
over the Patkai Mountain range in the Myanmar border of northeast
corner of India. There are some places, which are situated in beautiful
locations. These places are very attractive for seasonal visitors. Seasonal visitors are an important factor in economic well being source of income for the local people. While
tourists enjoy their visit, the local people can have the chance
of getting a good price for their products and their services.
A scenery from Changlang - Margherita
|This beautiful and small town is headquarter of Miao
sub-division and situated at bank of River Noa-Dehing surrounded by picturesque scenic beauty. The interesting things to see are Mini zoo, museum, Bishop House, Tibetan refugee settlement where
colourful woolen carpets of various designs are produced, oil drilling
at Kharsang and Manabum.
A Tibetan lady selling Carpet
at Craft Centre, Tibetan Refugee Camp, Miao, Arunachal Pradesh
Tibetan young ladies busy at Carpet work
Tibetan Refugee settlement Camp, Miao, Arunachal Pradesh
Choephelling Tibetan Refugee settlement camp located at a distance of four kilometers from Miao Township under Changlang district, is one of the oldest settlements for Tibetan refugees. The camp boasts of producing superior quality carpets, a larger portion of which goes to the global market. The raw materials mainly cotton yarn (Rs.150/Kg) and wool (Rs. 200/Kg), procured from Panipat in Haryana and some quantum from New Zealand, are exotically weaved to international standard and sold at Rs. 190 per square feet in the global market.|
There are 26 high skilled women weavers and six male counterparts in the carpet industry, which on an average earns around Rs. 20 lakh annually as informed by the settlement officer of the camp.
The camp is inhabited by 500 families with 2800 members, is one of the 45 settlements in India, of the 75 all over the world. A beautiful Buddhist monastery in the mid of camp is one of the major attraction for the tourist.
NAMDAPHA, TIGER RESERVE AND NATIONAL PARK
true and enchanting wilderness
a Tiger Reserve and National Park, a true wilderness
and enchanting beauty of lush green vegetation, impenetrable pristine
and virgin forests covered an area of 1985.23 square kilometres
having diverse flora and fauna lies in the international border
between India and Myanmar (Burma) within Changlang District in the
state of Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast India. >>
Click here for details ...
|Vijonagar, comprises of sixteen villages having a population
of about 4500 people near Indo-Myanmar border which is located in
Changlang District and is Air maintained due to non existence of
road networks. Fifty five percent of the population belong to retired
Assam Rifle personnel and 45 percent is of Civilians comprising
of mainly Lisu (Yobin) tribe. The settlement of the Assam Rifle personnel began
from 1960 onwards. Prior to 1960, this place was little known to
Gandhigram Village, Vijoynagar
|The villages have a number of Primary Schools. There
is Arunachal Pradesh Government run Secondary School up to Ten standard.
There are no roads in the area. There was a motorable road existing
in the area from Miao up to Deban Camping ground, but due to deterioration,
it is no longer used. The telecommunication facilities are not available,
and only Radio Net communications are available in the Assam Rifles
Camp. Detachment of Government Agencies like SIB and Arunachal Pradesh
Police exist in the area. Assam Rifles camp have medical facilities,
but no Doctors are available. The villagers are not covered under
water supply scheme and draw raw water for their consumption. Power
Department has installed Generator set for Power supply, but due to non availability
of Funds for procuring Diesel, the Generator is not functional.
|The villagers depend on Wet land and Jhoom Cultivation for their
livelihood, and are dependent on rainfall. The Day to day requirement
of Groceries is met by a few Shops; and which bring the Stores from
Dibrugarh by Air or from Miao on foot. It takes six days to travel
on foot from Vijoynagar to Miao. Civil and Military Helicopters
(AN 32) fly from Dibrugarh to Vijoynagar Aircraft Landing Ground.
These flights are irregular and have limited haulage capacity, in
that they can take up to one ton load with eighteen persons on board.
There are two such Sorties for Civilians and three numbers for Assam
A Lisu Woman with a child, Vijoynagar.
|It is headquarter of Jairampur sub-division.
The famous historic 'Stilwell Road' passing through this small town
from Ledo, Assam, India to Kunming, Yunnan Province, China via Burma.
The World War II cemetery of about 1,000 graves of Allied Soldiers
is located 6 Km away from Jairampur at the Nampong road.
The Sign-board of the Cemetery
of World War-II, Jairampur, India
STILWELL ROAD ( LEDO ROAD )
The historic Stilwell's
Road, which was constructed by the Americans during the Second World
War from Ledo in Assam, India, which is one of the rail-heads of
the Bengal-Assam railway in the valley of the Upper Brahmaputra
during that time, to Burma Road connecting to Kunming, China passes
through Lekhapani, Jagun, Jairampur, Nampong and Pangsau pass, India-Burma
(Myanmar) border. It winds up the passes of 9000 feet Patkai Range
and emerges at Shindbwiyang and then Myitkyina. It crosses the broad
bowl of the Upper Chindwin, threads the Hukawng and Mogaung valleys,
and goes down to Bhamo and to the Burma road which connects Kunming,
Yunnan province, China. >> Click here for details
|The recently unearthed large Burial-ground with about
1,000 graves of allied soldiers believed to be mostly of Chinese,
Kachins, Indian, British and Americans soldiers who died in Second
World War is located at Stilwell Road (
Ledo Road ) in the Jairampur-Nampong road, Changlang district,
Arunachal Pradesh, India. The hidden cemetery covered with thick jungles midst
of the bank of Namchik River and on the Stilwell
Road ( Ledo Road ), 6 km from Jairampur town, 39 km from Ledo and
The Cemetery of World War-II,
|24 Km before reaching Pangsau Pass ( Hell Pass ), India - Burma
(Myanmar) border. The Army has cleared the area and found about
1,000 graves within an area of about three acre. The boundary was
enclosed by concrete posts with entrance on three sides. The graves
are arranged in five Lines and several rows. A large grave, possibly
a mass burial, is in the centre. The bricks were from Ledo AR&T
Co's brick fields, and others marked as B&C-119 and IR.N!C9 were
The most of the graves in the Cemetery are damaged due to wild Elephants,
wear and tear in the course of time and tempered due to miscreants.
|Perhaps, this cemetery might have constructed during the construction
of the Stilwell Road ( Ledo Road ) from
Ledo, India to Kunming, China via Burma connecting the Burma Road
beyond Bhamo by allied forces starting from December 1942 to May
1945 in China-Burma-India (CBI) theatre of military operation against
the Japanese forces in North Burma.
Cemetery of World War-II,
|During the construction of road and fighting against
the Japanese forces, numbers of allied soldiers were reported to
have died due to malaria, dysentery, land slides, enemy fires and
other causes. The Patkai range of Indo-Burma border and Shindbwiyang
range in north Burma were one of the most difficult terrains in
the World where the road construction was carried out by the allied
forces led by General Joseph W. Stilwell
while fighting against the Japanese forces who had taken over the
whole Burma in their hand in 1942. Perhaps, the cemetery might have
used for disposal of dead soldiers from site of war front and calamities
out of road construction in India and Burma fronts. While trekking
and fighting down the Ledo Road to Myitkyina, Burma, the stronghold
of Japanese forces, large number of allied soldiers were reported
to have died due to Diseases, calamities and missed in action while
fighting.The casualties at war fronts in Burma were reported to
have been evacuated by C-47's Ambulance planes and treated at the
various base Hospitals at Ledo road and at Ledo, Assam, India and
most of the dead soldiers might have disposed off at this cemetery.
It is also reported that most of the casualties were treated at
the 20th General Hospital, the 14th Evacuation
Hospital, or the 111th Station Hospital in the Ledo area.
In course of time, those Hospitals have also completely vanished.
| The Excerpt of inscription extracted from the Epitaph of comparatively
larger grave inscribed in Chinese language, shown in right hand
side photo is belongs to Late Major Hsiao Chu Ching, Company Commander
2nd Company, 2nd Battalion of 10th
Regiment, Independent Engineers of Chinese Army stationed in India.
He was born in July 1913 at Wei Country of of Hapeh province, and
died in December 1943. `All officers and men of the Second Company
- January 5, 1944.'
The Memory of Late Major Hsiao
Chu Ching Chinese allied soldiers who died in December 1943 during
the World War-II, Jairampur, India.
Nampong is a quaint town situated in the picturesque scenic valley. All along the way from Jairampur to Nampong one can enjoy the nature’s ride and the sight of beautiful terraced tea gardens. The close proximity of the town is Burma border make it very crucial & important. Three days Border Trading markets are open as Bazar days in a month on 10th, 20th and 30th of the month at Nampong for selling and buying of goods for both Indian and Myanmarese nationals. During these three days, people are allowed to cross international border at Pangsau Pass with due permission from the concern authority. The Government has declared Nampong as international trading hub. 20 Km from Nampong one can see World War II Observatory post at Wintong.
|The historic Stilwell Road (Ledo Road) passing through
the Nampong and goes down to Burma from here. It is threshold of
the Indo-Burma (Myanmar) border. The Pangsau Pass, the Indo-Burma
(Myanmar) border is just 12 Km away from Nampong where the famous
the Lake of no Return can be viewed from the Pass. Nampong and Pangsau Pass were considered to be "Hell gate" or "Hell Pass" due to difficult terrains in
the Indo-Burma Patkai mountain Range. Crossing these places toward
Burma were considered to be dangerous and hazardous as Hell during
the World War II.
The Hell Gate - installed during
the World War II, Nampong, India
|The famous lake called The Lake of no Return in Myanmar side
which can be viewed from Pangsau pass is 12 Km away from Nampong.
During World War II, large numbers of Aircrafts were reported to
have perished into this lake. Perhaps, the lake served the Allied
Pilots for soft landing into the lake water during return mission
when the Aircrafts got hit by enemy or out of mechanical snags in
The Pilots had chosen this lake for emergency landing
in case of imminent Air crush and therefore, many aircrafts were
reported to have crashed in to the lake.
The Lake of no return, near Pangsau
pass international border between India and Myanmar
The place is worth vistiing for enjoying high mountains and rich tradition & culture of the Tangsa community.The place is ideally located in a rural landscape for nature lovers.
The headquarter of the district. It is well known
for two premier institutes namely, State Institute of Education
(SIE) and District Institute of Education and Training (DIET) where
in-service training is provided to the teachers. The visitors can
also see typical Tangsa/ Tutsa villages/ houses and interact with
the local people. One can also enjoy fishing in the Tirap River
passing through the heart of the town.
A scenic beauty of Khimyang circle, Changlang
Here one can find crashed Aircraft Debris of world war-II which renew the memory of the War
and natural salt-water spring. You can also have a view of Myanmar Territory and Patkai hill.
Suitable for trekking. The best time to visit the area is in the month of November-February.|
A beautiful village situated at the bank of Tirap River. It is an appropriate place for visitors to experience the uniqueness of the village.
A village under Yatdam circle is very well known for its holy and religious importance.
The very existence of a 'Shiva Linga' in the entrance of the village from time immemorial is an astonishing asset.
The naturally formed holy idol, which the local peoples called ‘Tangjong’ or ‘Tangyong’ is a unique sculpture of stone portraying both male and female organs.
It is the real essence of holiness and existence of the heavenly abode in the Patkai ranges of eastern Himalayas,
where it is believed that the Hindu God Lord Shiva once reigned.
The villagers share several stories about the spiritual power of Tangjong. They say that it protects them from any occurrence of epidemic or natural disasters.
It is also believed that in the olden days when the head hunting was prevalent in the area, the Tangjong used to warn the villagers from the outside attack.
However, the area of the site is not yet developed but one can visit the place in a day, as the road connectivity is up to Sumlam village,
which is 8 Km from Changlang and from Sumlam, it is just one-hour foot-march.
The God too harvest in pristine land of indigenous culture by revealing his power in various forms and styles. The goddess of rain locally
called 'Tsalrong Long' is one such hitherto unknown manifestation of god’s power in the form of a stone. It is located in Thamlom,
a tiny village under Khimiyang circle in Changlang district.
As per the villagers beliefs, mysterious phenomenon of it is, when the stone is disturbed it causes continuous torrential rain for days together with dark thick cloud descending upon earth,
and bright and sunny weather restores when a person performs rituals and worships it as per the tradition. But the person who performed the ritual has to observe rigid penance of dieting, and he has to be co-operated by the village community the following one day by strictly observing necessary taboos, such as, refraining from potting of water, outing to jungle, cutting of grass leaf etc.
As per the villagers story, a lady named Nurap Ngemu discovered the stone while weeding millet crops in her field. The stone, looked coiled up chronically appeared very attractive. She took it to her home. But on arriving, she found dark cloud veiled the entire village and soon unusual downpour followed. An idea and apprehension hit her imagination that the stone she brought might be the cause of such horrible rain; she threw it out of the village.
The other day when she got to her work, she was surprised finding the same stone at the same spot where it was found. So, she needed no time to understand it was not an ordinary one. Since then her brother Kamkang took up worshipping it. After his death, family tradition has been continued by his descendents till today. The God really manifests himself in disguise, but people blinded by materialistic modernity and scientific prejudices, fail to identify and understand his manifestations.
This type of hidden spots could convert into vital tourist’s attractions at the behest of government sponsorship.